This is a great review by a friend of mine of a book that I highly recommend.
This is a great review by a friend of mine of a book that I highly recommend.
Wonderful Post! May we all pray with our feet!
Originally posted on With My Whole Life:
I love cities because they lend themselves to walking. And getting the morning basics like eggs and milk never requires a car ride, but a simple walk across the street in flip flops. I was reminded of that some time ago when I was at Grand Rapids looking for a good cup of coffee. The closest cup was at a mall located across the expressway, and there seemed to be no way to get there by foot. So my wife and I played a risky game, bobbing and weaving across a highway to satisfy a serious coffee “jones”.
Walking can be a meditative practice, too. It helps me to pray in “real time”. And in the city (or even during a good hike north of the city) it can also become a multi sensory prayer experience.
When I step out of my apartment building I’m greeted by the usual heavy…
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The idea of a smile and kind words often strikes me. Too frequently I find myself hurrying through life with not much time fore even the smallest pause.
But when I do → the present moment has time to fill up. The fullness of any given moment moves it from the secular into the sacred.
As we string these sacred moments together → one moment placed carefully on the continuum of life after another — our lives become enriched, our neighbors benefit, and our communities thrive!
These moments are a blessing…and like Abraham we should view these blessings as our opportunity to bless others.
This thinking reminds me, also, of Moses when he notices the burning bush…he allowed room for that moment to be filled up → pausing within it to notice that, though on fire, the bush was not being consumed. It is in the midst of that single moment that the ordinary shifted to the extraordinary…where the secular became the sacred! Shoes are removed, sand presses upon the soles → G_d is present! Blessed be He!
We must begin to move towards pausing.
We live in a culture that calls for us to ‘milk’ every moment trading time as a commodity. Never fully present rather leaving a wake of dismembered and abused time — swept too quickly into the past while we already begin to hunt and feast on the moments that have yet to come.
So, how do we move from a consumer of time to a curator of it, a partner with it?
A phrase I’ve become fond of is ‘breathing in the moment’ – we need to be more within time – when we slow down we allow ourselves the opportunity to take in more information. There is an important piece of breathing and moments that I feel is also vital – Exhaling!
Exhaling is our opportunity to put back into the moment what we’ve taken out of it. What if we were to put back into every moment an equal amount to that which we removed…or better yet…more.
A deliberate intention of leaving each moment better off than when we arrived. How do we do such things?
Instead of a ‘wake’ of moments we begin to awaken moments.
I pray that this year is a year where we each awaken more moments with one another.
Happy New Year!
**This article of mine was originally published in the Toledo Streets Newspaper**
As our country continues to try to climb out of this difficult recession we are left with a lot of questions about poverty. In the past several decades it was much simpler to put a face on poverty because the lines were clear…there was an ‘us’ and ‘them’ that was definable (or we at least allowed ourselves to believe this to be true). The longer our current economic downturn trudges on the more fragile we realize those once hard barriers are. The folks standing in line for food, clothing, and unemployment are our neighbors – those with an attached garage and privacy fence surrounding their previously well manicured yard. Those folks are us.
One of the most difficult things for us in our current socio-economic climate is dealing with some of the false beliefs we once held so tightly. There are many that at one time or another had rung true to us. Things such as: Poverty is a result of laziness, Pull yourself up by your bootstraps, You made your bed now lie in it – these previously proud statements were once paraded around by those of us in privilege who never had to deal with facing foreclosure, food stamps, or joblessness.
The examples I gave above were more a reflection on cultural statements, but there are many from within the church that have touted the same or similar beliefs. Some of them carried an identical message but were dressed in the lily whites of Jesus-esque language: “G_d helps those who help themselves” comes to mind (please note – this is not in the bible). Maybe you’ve even heard folks dismiss the issue all together by quoting Jesus, “The poor will always be with you.” Then some blame the impoverished person’s faith or righteousness for their plight…reminding them that if they just ‘trust’ in G_d then He will provide.
Is it really that simple? Is this really how the LORD desires us to deal with poverty in our midst?
When wrestling with what our faith has to say about poverty we must recognize that it is complex. Most of us have been taught that if the answer is too easy then it probably isn’t the right answer. I believe that in our need/desire to communicate the faith as simply as possible we’ve oftentimes have made the answers too easy – and therefore not the right answer.
So how do we address poverty from a place of faith? Well, let’s first turn to the Text that should inform our beliefs.
I want to begin with the verse mentioned above – Jesus declaring that the poor will always be amongst us. Many Christians miss that Jesus is actually quoting a passage from the book of Deuteronomy (15). This passage actually begins by G_d promising Israel that if she does all that He commands that poverty will not exist amongst them. The next piece of the Text is where it starts to become more complex – G_d expects Israel to respond to those who become poor with ‘open hands’ and generously taking care of their needs. “Why?” we might ask, well because in His breath just prior He said that an obedient nation would not have poor. We are left to wrestle with, “How then did this fellow become impoverished?” – Did G_d fail to uphold His end of the deal? Let me just say (in the spirit of St. Paul) “Heavens NO!” – the failure was not YHWH’s but rather it is ours. Therefore, we must not close our hearts to those in need because their situation stems from our own (corporate) failures to uphold the commands of G_d. The end of this section in the Text is a sad moment when the LORD declares of Israel, “The poor will always be with you.” Ugh – this is gut wrenching. Our LORD has established a system amongst His faithful that was designed in part to eradicate poverty but because we prefer to live according to our own will and not His – well, poverty is still with us.
This passage is a real confrontation to our good Western society that is hyper focused on independence, individualism, and self-reliance. We, in many ways, have fallen for a trap of importing cultural norms onto biblical precepts. The faith of Messiah and his fellow Jews was one steeped in communal worship, communal forgiveness, and communal living. It is impossible to fulfill the Torah without living deeply invested in community – caring for the person next to you, the hungry, sick, and poor. This is in stark contrast to the way we have learned to express our faith today. We declare it to be a ‘personal’ faith, ‘personal’ Messiah and ‘personal’ relationship – these aren’t, in and of themselves, bad but they are far from the heart of the gospel and from the faith of our Messiah.
Let’s look at another passage: Matthew 25 speaks of the ‘time to come’ when the king will sit on his throne and separate the sheep from the goats. This scene is ominous as the goats are sent to destruction and the sheep are ushered into ‘green pastures’ – most Christians, if asked (and often when we aren’t) would respond to this question (How does one avoid destruction and instead enter ‘green pastures’?) with a much different example than Jesus uses.
Jesus tells a story where someone is hungry and has either been fed or ignored, someone is naked and has either been clothed or ignored, etc. His story does not include faith statements, creeds, dogma, or doctrine – instead His word picture centers on assisting the poor.
We can also pick up on this thinking when Jesus is asked, “What is the greatest commandment?” His response is a combination of Deuteronomy 6 (“Love the LORD your G_d with all your heart, soul, and strength…”) and Leviticus 19 (“Love your neighbor as yourself…”). In that Leviticus passage we have a list of things that lead up to this statement in verse 18 – this list is the ‘how’ of loving your neighbor. It talks about leaving the corners of your field. That section is one of my favorite sections of the bible. I always try to point out to people that G_d doesn’t say how much to leave, He just says to leave the corner…the extent of our generosity is solely up to us. In addition to the ‘how much’ is the ‘for who’ – the Text says it is for the poor and sojourner to come and take what they need.
I find this striking because nowhere in this section or in the Matthew 25 passage is there anything that actually ‘qualifies’ the person – do we think someone stood at the edge of their field and checked w2’s before allowing entrance? Did Jesus say, “I was hungry and after a thorough vetting process you deemed me worthy of receiving food”?
I think these things might hold part of the key to why faith and poverty is such a complex topic. We want to know or determine who is worthy to receive. Let that sink in…when we see a person on the corner with a sign, and we attempt to assess their worthiness for our spare change. Trying to predict how they’ll use the money, why they are there in the first place, what being a good steward means in this situation…these are the things we tend to process in those moments. We must remember our own worthiness – ‘for yet while you were still sinners’ comes to mind – before the LORD. We must remember His generosity. We are not the moral agents of others, it is not our place to determine another’s worthiness but it is our responsibility to ‘do all that I [the LORD] has commanded.’
May we be a people of faith who leaves the corners of our field, feeds the hungry, visits the sick – and more importantly be generous with ‘open hands’ when we meet another who is poor.
The children struggled together…
A new chapter in the history of our faith begins with this introduction of yet another set of brothers – Jacob and Esau. They are introduced to us in the midst of a wrestling match – yet in the womb of their mother, Rebekah.
Why has the author chosen for us to be introduced to these two brothers, in this way? Not by name or by promise but by their struggle with each other. Even their names are about the current moment, not their future hope.
The battle in the womb is the precursor of two lives enmeshed in fighting and discord. Even beyond that of two lives to two peoples – Edom and Israel. These brothers (as it seems with most brothers in the Text) find themselves at odds from day one (or in this case – earlier).
What do we find in this portion? What we do find is the beginnings of the echoes we will encounter in the Text in the coming weeks. Mistaken identity, eye problems and wrestling matches are but a few of the reverberations we will hear.
We also hear some echoes from previous portions: Wives as sisters, famines and Egypt, barrenness, siblings fighting, and hunters. Why were these important to the author? What story is God telling behind the story? What do these connections have to do with what God is doing within His creation?
In addition there are some strange happenings with Rebekah: God reveals His plans to Rebekah not Isaac, Rebekah, like Sarah,tries to make God’s promise come to fruition through her own doing, and Rebekah is ultimately the one who finds a bride(s) for Jacob. Why?
…to Abraham as a possession…
Sarah has passed. Isaac is unmarried. Abraham is still a “sojourner and foreigner among” the inhabitants of Canaan.
Where is the promise?
God had made a promise to Abraham that he would be the father of all nations, that his descendants would be more numerous than the stars in the sky. God also promised Abraham that He would give him the land of Canaan.
Would God “remember Abraham” now?
This moment is heightened because of the death of Sarah; after all she is whom the promise was to come through…with her passing there is now only Isaac. Still there is no land. Abraham is wealthy but still living in a tent – but Sarah provides for her love one more time. A field to be buried in! In her death, Sarah, becomes the first Hebrew resident of Canaan. A plot of land is purchased and Sarah is laid to rest deep within the comfort of the LORD’s promise of land and descendant(s).
With time closing its eyes on Abraham a bride is needed for Isaac. Though, this time, it is the prayer of his servant and not Abraham’s that the LORD hears. A woman of great hospitality and generosity is found. She will now be the hope of the promise for Abraham.
God remembered His promise to Abraham, and as Abraham’s life comes to an end, the LORD allows him to glimpse the fulfillment – a piece of land, and a wife for Isaac.
And the LORD appeared to him…
Abraham is sitting in the entrance to his tent when the LORD appears to him. We often read this into the LORD being a part of the three strangers – but they wouldn’t be strangers if Abraham knew one of them was the LORD. Instead it has been suggested that Abraham was in the midst of a meeting with God – a personal worship service if you will – when the three strangers caught his attention.
It is almost shocking that Abraham would ask God to wait while he tended to the strangers…but that is just what Abraham did! Abraham – freshly circumcised – runs out to greet the wanderers. He is insistent, persistent, maybe even somewhat demanding that they allow him to fix them a morsel to eat…then running to Sarah he creates a feast – fatted calf and three seahs of flour – enough for a small invasion.
An invasion. That is what the strangers are about to do: invade the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, dispatch of the residents for a lack of hospitality, a lack of care for the sojourner, the poor and the widow (Ez. 16.49). This lack of hospitality is something that would be unimaginable for Abraham – the one that put The One on hold while he demonstrated extraordinary hospitality and generosity to the sojourner in the land!
A punishment that would surely meet the approval of the hospitable Abraham – not quite! God with great trepidation approaches the man through whom all nations would be blessed to confide in him what is about to transpire. Heavens No! Abraham will not allow it – was it not enough that one man’s unrighteousness brought down all of creation – should the LORD not consider allowing the righteous to triumph instead? If fifty? If forty-five? Forty? Thirty? Twenty? Ten?
After all ten is the number determined for a synagogue – if one house of worship exists, will you not preserve all of the people? Two of the strangers move on to Sodom to find Lot sitting in the entrance to his city. There were not ten – but the LORD remembered Abraham and so He rescued Lot and his family – and the righteousness of one (Abraham) triumphed – bringing salvation to another.
Now Sarai was barren…
The above statement is actually from the end of the previous portion (Genesis 11.30) – but it might be the very statement that we need to understand where God is taking us in His story – in this portion.
As Walter Brueggeman points out, God has chosen to put the hope of the future of His creation squarely on the shoulders and obedience of a man with no hope for a future, for “Sarai was barren.”
In fact, we find ourselves at a pivotal moment in God’s relationship with humankind. This creation of His has lost sense of being the created; it has attempted not once – but now three times to undermine the true relationship of creator and created. A seeming progression of offense.
Now, God meets a man – a man of justice – a man that unknowingly has caught the eye of YHWH. This man, Abram, hears The Voice and trusts – he is obedient – he is willing to serve – he is good. Abram leaves behind his idolatrous ways and follows God into the wilderness – unknowing of the destination – following the call into a land that God will show him.
His reward for such faithfulness? Famine, his wife (Sarai) is taken, territorial disputes between his nephew Lot’s men and his own, and barrenness to name but a few things. Yet he remains faithful. This may indeed be a man that will not abandon the call – this may be a man that can uphold the ways of the LORD. Blameless.
The God who sets all things right – renames Abram and Sarai – and retells their story in only a way that the creator could reimagine. Meet Abraham, the father of all nations, and Sarah through whom this promise will come – because as we will learn in the next portion Sarah was barren.
The flood waters came…
We are not very far into the story when this sobering statement is made. The creation has confused itself with the Creator and now a great cleansing is needed. Man, whom God had formed with His own hands, went from being the caretaker of the altar to the enemy of the Holy One. The earth was searched and there was only one, only one righteous – though God is sure to express, “righteous in his own generation.” This man, Noah, was commanded to create a vessel of salvation – an ark (which we will hear echoed in the Moses story).
Rain begins to fall – for the very first time. The separation between earth and water is seemingly being undone. The breath of life is being taken back. Man’s dominion over nature is beginning to turn and nature wants, and will get revenge. It appears that the very breath of God that calmed the chaos, in Genesis 1, is being swept away in the flood.
Death surrounds this life-preserver, but once again we see something “hovering over the water” – over the void and formless creation flooded with the regrets of God. The creation narrative is happening yet again – the breath (wind) of God, land and water [re]separating, a command to be fruitful and multiply – God, indeed, has not given up on us. The baptism completed – creation has been cleansed, redeemed, and reconciled.
There is an interesting phenomenon that exists in our world. It is that we begin with the presupposition that it is “our world.” I grew up in the church and in many ways this view was reinforced, afterall Adam was given dominion over all the Creation.
There are so many ways we express this belief of ‘dominion’ whether it be in our insatiable appetite for resources or our feelings of entitlement to space or time. Maybe this is why Sabbath has become nearly impossible amonst us. To participate in Sabbath is to give up control and therefore dominion (we must concede to participate).
It is an intriguing thing when we look at ancient Israel. Their posture towards creation was much different than our own. We never read of them building a bridge, rather they cross through the water. Other than when G_d calls them ‘up’ they found themselves walking around the mountains. The landscape was not theirs to conquer but to partner withh. They had a posture of sojourner, wandering in a land not their own.
Then enters Rome with their famous roads that forced the landscape to submit to their whims – bridges over water and stairways up the sides of mountains. The first highways…progress…dominion! They did not view themselves as sojourners in a land not theirs, rather they were the lords of these lands. The land was theirs to do with as they pleased. Rome did not only enslave peoples they also enslaved nature.
Today we have carried on the tradition(s) and mindset(s) of the Romans. Constantly striving to find ways to make the world a slave to our desires and wants. We forget that the LORD made a covenant with all creatures and all of nature (Gen. 8) – not just man. We live as though the earth ‘owes’ us whatever we desire. We hollow out the earth so we can drive over it. We cut off the top of mountains so we can enjoy our four-wheel drive SUVs. We treat animals barbarically (though barbarians were probably more civil to their animals) in order that we can have meat on the cheap and with every single meal.
Though I understand that this stream of thought is slanted heavily towards an environmental bent…that is not really my point (at least not my main point). My main point is what does the way you live your life say about what you believe? What is our part in the covenants of Genesis 8? Do you live as though you are a guest in the home of the LORD or do you treat the earth and all that inhabits it as endentured servants?
What questions are we not asking when it comes to living a life that reflects what we believe?